Surgical Masks: These are the masks that healthcare professionals prefer during surgical procedures. Surgical masks are used in cases of suspected respiratory disease or illness (such as influenza, COVID-19) to prevent users from infecting others. These types of masks are disposable and are more affordable in price.
Non-vented Respirators: N95 ya da FFP2, FFP3 olarak anılan, çevrede bulunan küçük partiküllerin, bakteri veya virüslerin en az %95’ini tutan maskelerdir. Bu maskeler esas olarak sağlık çalışanları tarafından özel ve yüksek riskli durumlarda kullanılmak için üretilir. Covid-19 gibi yüksek bulaşıcı hastalığı olan bireylerin muayenesi, yoğun bakım tedavileri gibi yüksek riskli işlemler için sağlık çalışanlarının kullandığı maskelerdir. Hasta olan bireylerin hastalığı başkalarına bulaştırmaması amacıyla, solunum maskesi kullanılmaz bunun için cerrahi maske yeterlidir.
There are also Ventilated Respirators. There is a valve on the vented masks that closes while breathing and opens while exhaling. This type of mask is actually used in dusty environments to avoid exposure to dust. By quickly expelling the air discharged into the mask in a hot and humid environment, it facilitates the breathing of people who work with masks for long hours. Since it exhales the breath without filtering, it does not prevent sick people from transmitting the infection to someone else. Those who use this mask must wear a surgical mask on it in order not to infect others. It is recommended not to be used alone during the pandemic period.
Things to Consider When Using a Mask:
- Surgical masks are worn to prevent the patients or those who have the disease without symptoms (asymptomatic patients) from infecting others.
Before putting on the masks and after removing the mask, hands must be washed properly. While wearing the mask, the mask, face and eyes should not be touched with hands. If it is noticed that touched, hands should be washed again with soap or disinfected.
-Surgical masks and breathing masks are for single use only. Respirators are much more expensive than surgical masks. Therefore, there is a tendency for reuse by patients. This situation creates separate risks for both the user and the people around, due to the inhalation, touching, and eye-nose contact of the microbes on the masks used.
- Ventilated respirators should not be used by patients or healthcare professionals in cases of infectious diseases. Because it does not clean the air that comes out, it does not prevent contamination. If you have a vented mask, it should be used with a surgical mask.