What are N95, KN95, FFP1, FFP2 vs FFP3 Masks?

FFP2, FFP3 Respirator

Since the first day of the coronavirus, people not only in our country but around the world have been trying to protect themselves from the virus. Some tried not to leave the house, and some tried to protect themselves in various ways. This protection was not only in this period, but also in the past.

One of the most important of these methods is to be protected with various masks. Known to everyone around the world here but we will touch on masks, what exactly it means and the differences are unknown.

First of all, we will talk about FFP1, FFP2 and FFP3 masks, which are known as Dust masks in the world but have the highest level of protection, mostly known as N95 in our country.

What are the masks known as FFP1, FFP2 and FFP3 masks or N95?
The masks produced according to the standard provide protection in 3 categories according to their filters.

These are FFP1-FFP2 and FFP3.

FF- Facefilter (face mask). FF, which is an English term, means Face Filter, which means Face mask. The following P1, P2 and P3 phrases differ according to the protection of the masks and the size of the particles and their permeability.

P1Non-toxic dusts resulting from mechanical work with a MAK value greater than 5 mg / m3. (coarse dust generated during cleaning etc.)

P2-Toxic (toxic) fine dusts, fumes and vapors (eg cotton dust, silica, many metal dusts) with a MAK value greater than 0.1 mg / m3 and between 0.1 mg / m3 - 5 mg / m3

P3- Toxic (toxic), radioactive, carcinogenic fine powders with a MAK value less than 0.1 mg / m3 (e.g. asbestos, cobalt metal and dust, nickel, chromium, silver, platinum salts, tin compounds).